The Fazakerley group is interested in understanding the molecular details of insulin-stimulated glucose transport, and how this process breaks down in disease.
One of the ways in which insulin lowers blood glucose is through stimulating glucose transport into adipose and muscle tissue. Insulin achieves this by promoting the trafficking of the glucose transporter GLUT4 from specialised intracellular storage vesicles (GLUT4 storage vesicles) to the plasma membrane to facilitate glucose uptake. This process is impaired in insulin resistance, a state where the hormone insulin no longer efficiently lowers blood glucose.
Although we know that impaired insulin-stimulated glucose transport in muscle and fat is a major contributor to whole body insulin resistance, there is no consensus on the molecular basis for impaired insulin responses in these tissues. We use cellular and in vivo models and a range of techniques, including proteomics and microscopy, to reveal novel regulatory components of insulin-stimulated GLUT4 trafficking and interrogate how the insulin signalling network and GLUT4 trafficking apparatus are altered in insulin resistance
Fazakerley DJ, Krycer JR, Kearney AL, Hocking SL, James DE. Muscle and adipose tissue insulin resistance: malady without mechanism? J Lipid Res. 2018 doi: 10.1194/jlr.R087510.
Duan X, Krycer JR, Cooke KC, Yang G, James DE, Fazakerley DJ. Membrane Topology of Trafficking Regulator of GLUT4 1 (TRARG1). Biochemistry. 2018 doi:10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00361.
Fazakerley DJ, Minard AY, Krycer JR, Thomas KC, Stöckli J, Harney DJ, Burchfield JG, Maghzal GJ, Caldwell ST, Hartley RC, Stocker R, Murphy MP, James DE. Mitochondrial oxidative stress causes insulin resistance without disrupting oxidative phosphorylation. J Biol Chem. 2018 doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.001254.
Burchfield JG, Kebede MA, Meoli CC, Stöckli J, Whitworth PT, Wright AL, Hoffman NJ, Minard AY, Ma X, Krycer JR, Nelson ME, Tan SX, Yau B, Thomas KC, Wee NKY, Khor EC, Enriquez RF, Vissel B, Biden TJ, Baldock PA, Hoehn KL, Cantley J, Cooney GJ, James DE, Fazakerley DJ. High dietary fat and sucrose results in an extensive and time-dependent deterioration in health of multiple physiological systems in mice. J Biol Chem. 2018 doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.000808.
Fazakerley DJ, Chaudhuri R, Yang P, Maghzal GJ, Thomas KC, Krycer JR, Humphrey SJ, Parker BL, Fisher-Wellman KH, Meoli CC, Hoffman NJ, Diskin C, Burchfield JG, Cowley MJ, Kaplan W, Modrusan Z, Kolumam G, Yang JY, Chen DL, Samocha-Bonet D, Greenfield JR, Hoehn KL, Stocker R, James DE. Mitochondrial CoQ deficiency is a common driver of mitochondrial oxidants and insulin resistance. Elife. 2018 doi: 10.7554/eLife.32111.
Fazakerley DJ, Naghiloo S, Chaudhuri R, Koumanov F, Burchfield JG, Thomas KC, Krycer JR, Prior MJ, Parker BL, Murrow BA, Stöckli J, Meoli CC, Holman GD, James DE. Proteomic Analysis of GLUT4 Storage Vesicles Reveals Tumor Suppressor Candidate 5 (TUSC5) as a Novel Regulator of Insulin Action in Adipocytes. J Biol Chem. 2015 doi: 10.1074/jbc.M115.657361.
Stöckli J, Fazakerley DJ, James DE. GLUT4 exocytosis. J Cell Sci. 2011 doi: 10.1242/jcs.097063.
Rowland AF, Fazakerley DJ, James DE. Mapping insulin/GLUT4 circuitry. Traffic. 2011 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0854.2011.01178.x.
Fazakerley DJ, Holman GD, Marley A, James DE, Stöckli J, Coster AC. Kinetic evidence for unique regulation of GLUT4 trafficking by insulin and AMP-activated protein kinase activators in L6 myotubes. J Biol Chem. 2010 doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.051185.
Fazakerley DJ, Lawrence SP, Lizunov VA, Cushman SW, Holman GD. A common trafficking route for GLUT4 in cardiomyocytes in response to insulin, contraction and energy-status signalling. J Cell Sci. 2009 doi: 10.1242/jcs.041178.